Answer: . In the Vedic period, agriculture and pastoralism were economic factors. The Vedic age itself is divided into the Early Vedic Period (1500 - 1000 BCE) and Later Vedic Period (1000 - 600 BCE)*. Vedic society-Vedic texts- change from Rigvedic to later Vedic phases. Let us now turn to the evidence from the Vedic texts, which, unlike the archaeological evidence that tell us only about the material culture, throw light on the ethnic and cultural identities of people. Q -4 Discuss the important features of the early Vedic society and religion The Vedas were composed and orally transmitted with precision in this period in two stages as Early & Later Vedic periods.

Vedic Period: 1500 B.C- 1000 B.C; It was in this period, Aryans were . It took place during the early days of the Aryan migration in the north-west of India and continued through to the Buddha era.. See the fact file below for more information on the Vedic Period or alternatively, you can download our 28-page Vedic Period worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or . Early Vedic economic was pastoral character because the domestication of animals was the main economic activity. A widow could marry the younger brother of her deceased husband.

Ans. The idea of janapada and rashtra as territorial units had developed. Philosophy (from Greek: , philosophia, 'love of wisdom') is the systematized study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind, and language. -early and later vedic civilizations; religious movements in sixth century b.c. The Aryans were then busy constantly in establishing their settlement in India. had brought about a value-based society. The Vedic Age was a significant era in Ancient Indian History. The wife was a partner of the husband in all religious and social ceremonies. D. State whether the following are true or false: Rice was the staple diet of the Aryans. The Rig-Vedic Society ( Early Vedic Society) Kingdom: In the Rig Vedic age, geographically large kingdoms did not grow up, as they did in the later Vedic age society. The Vedic period is the period from the Late Bronze Age or the early Iron Age in the historical backdrop of India. The Vedic texts are the primary sources for the reconstruction of the Vedic culture/Vedic age. Early Vedic Religion. Salient Features of Vedic Society. In how many Varnas the Aryan Society was divided?

During the Rig Vedic period the Aryans were mostly confined to the region called 'Sapta Saindhava' which included Afghanistan, Swat Valley of . 3. Thus, a King. The attributes of these gods also reflect the tribal and patriarchal nature of . 3. Family: The Aryan families were the backbone of the society. Rig Vedic people called themselves 'Aryans'. They used to chant hymns in the open air. The age of the Early Vedic period corresponds with the date of the composition of the Rigvedic hymns. Name and location and pattern of geographical features such as rivers and mountains mentioned in Rig-Veda suggest location of the regions of the geographical area of their habitat. Emperors of the Indian Gupta dynasties from 600 BCE to 600 CE maintained social institutions for a long time. Indian culture spread across southeastern Asia, potentially around 5500 BCE, and India grew in culture and economics. Most of the terms of the Vedic Era were related to the Cow. The people worshiped various forces of nature as manifestations of the Supreme God. At this time the egalitarianism of the early tribal society gave way to class differentiation, which became distinct in the later-Vedic period. Commercial education and Mathematics education is also one of the chief features of vedic period. Agriculture had primary importance in the life of the later Vedic people. The Aryans drank intoxicating drinks like soma and sura. 1. The historical Vedic religion (also known as Vedicism, Vedism or ancient Hinduism [a] ), and subsequently Brahmanism (also spelled as Brahminism ), constituted the religious ideas and practices among some of the Indo-Aryan peoples of northwest India ( Punjab and the western Ganges plain) of ancient India during the Vedic period (1500-500 BCE). 36. Marriages took place after attaining maturity.

This made agriculture more productive, and populations grew. It was primarily monogamous and Patriarchal. The Rig Vedic society was patriarchal in which Grihyapati(master of the house) dominated in family and social life.

The word 'caste' means fixed but 'work order' means it can change based on qualities, attitudes, and consciousness development. It takes its name from the collections of sacred texts known as the Vedas. ; Amid the complexities and so much diversity among the nation, widely accepted cultural themes, the feeling of oneness, brotherhood . Child marriage was not in fashion. Vedas where the source of all knowledge and man could understand Vedas. Which were the most popular dieties of the early Aryans?

The Vedic social structure is not manmade but divinely inspired. The prayers to propitiate gods for physical protection and for material gains were the main concerns of the Rigvedic people. . And the period between 1000 to 500 BC when Aryans developed and started using Iron and other metals is called as the Later Vedic Period. Published: May 22, 2013. Correct: Wheat was the staple diet of the Aryans. The Vedic age itself is divided into the Early Vedic Period (1500 - 1000 BCE) and Later Vedic Period (1000 - 600 BCE)*. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. What is the early Vedic Period known as? The use of iron spread from the Middle East from around 800 BCE. Trades and occupations did not assume a hereditary character in the society (till now). Answer: . The Rigvedic gods were generally personifications of different aspects of natural forces such as rains, storm, sun, etc. Child marriage was not in fashion. The people who were responsible for the evolution of this civilization called themselves Aryas or Aryarns. They were permitted to participate in all the religious rites . It has 10 Mandals, 1017 Suktas and 10,553 Shlokas. As such, the questions from this topic have always been featured in the history segment of the UPSC Prelims.. 34. The Vedic Period, or the Vedic Age, refers to the period in the late Bronze Age and early Iron Age in the history of India. Solution The religion of the early Vedic period was very simple. Simple food and dress habits, happy family life, education as builder of character, high position of women, absence of social complexities like caste system etc.

Status of women in the Early Vedic period: Status of women in the Later Vedic period: 1. After marriage the wife went to her husband's house. The Vedic age was the period in ancient India that gave birth to the Indian civilization. As the Vedic Age of Ancient India drew to a close, the tribal society of the early Aryans gave way to a more complex social organization. Salient Features of Vedic Society The family was the smallest unit of a society. The later vedic texts i.e. Early Vedic Aryans were organised into tribes rather than kingdoms. Religious Movements marked its changes with creating Upanishads. Ans:In the Aryan society kshatriyas were the warriors.

The family was the smallest unit of a society. Early Vedic period. Sama Veda, Atharva Veda and Yajur Veda were compiled in the upper Gangetic basin, between 1000 to 500 BCE. EXERCISE Q.R.Code I. Characteristics of Later Vedic Society Later Vedic period is marked by lineages of clans, and small kingdoms developed in many parts of the Ganga valley, leading to the development of the state after 600 BCE. Features of Early Indian Society The traditional culture of India which we follow now started in the Vedic era. Evaluate the importance of various sources for the reconstruction of early Indian history. . Diet usually consisted of wheat, jowar, rice, sesame seed, dal, vegetables, milk and fruits. In this period, the caste system and Brahminic supremacy became entrenched. Meat of sheep, goat, pig, hen, duck as well as fish was consumed. Choose the correct answer 1. The Early Vedic society was tribal and basically egalitarian. Over 1200 verses in Atharva Veda were derived from the early vedic text i.e, Rig Veda. Ans. Q.. Write a short essay on: "Democratic elements in the political system of the early Vedic period." Click Here for answer. The Rig Veda, the earliest text in Sanskrit, portrays the society and culture of the early Vedic period. Introduction The period when Aryans first settled in India is known as Early Vedic Period i.e. Sustains individual, family, society, and nation. Both co-operation and conflict are two another important characteristics of society. The early Vedic Society represented human equality and simplicity at their best. There was freedom of choice in marriage. 1. It is considered that the Vedic Age of Ancient India is the heroic age of the ancient Indian civilization. The ecclesiastical simplicity of the earlier era had come to be . The reason being that society underwent drastic changes from the time the first Vedas were written . As a result, Agni (fire) was revered by the Vedic people as a connecting force between people and God. All beings are born with dharma. 1). The ideas of the scope and nature of commercial education can be held from manu . Now, religion came to be entangled in a mesh of rites and rituals. Refers to one's duty with respect to social position, class, and stage of life.

They performed a commanding role in society and helped to maintain law and order. (b) Position of Women: Women were given equal status to that of men in society. Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Rama and Krishna. The Vedic Age (Rig Vedic & Later Vedic) (c. 1500 - 500 BCE) The Harappan civilisation was followed by another great civilisation and culture known as the Vedic culture. The Vedic period, or Vedic age ( c. 1500 - c. 500 BCE ), is the period in the late Bronze Age and early Iron Age of the history of India when the Vedas were composed in the northern Indian subcontinent, between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and a second urbanisation which began in the central Indo-Gangetic Plain c. 600 BCE. The people of royal family were classified as Kshatriyas. Even the Rajans and the Purohits were part of the clan network; The occupation was not based on Birth. Decline in worship of nature led to emergence of a host of new gods and goddesses. It was primarily monogamous and Patriarchal. PART I: The term Vedic society refers to a state that is organized according to directions given in the ancient Vedic literature. There was freedom of choice in marriage.

Source of light:- In Vedic period education Was considered as a source of light of illumination which enlightens an individual in all walks of life.

Four-fold Division of Society based on Caste (see image); Caste exogamy and rigid social hierarchy developed; Increasing cult of scarifies added to the power of the Brahmanas The use of such words as vra, vrata, vraja, sardha and grama indicate the existence of the 'band' system in the earliest stratum of the Rigveda. Ans. Formation of the State and urbanization, from the Mahajanapadas to the . Fulfillment of dharma = achieving liberation. Thus, a King. But it is generally true that any civilization which has acquired its peak will definitely gonna see its darks ages. Naturally, yajnya played an important role in Vedic people's daily/occasional religious rites/rituals. A widow could marry the younger brother of her deceased . So far we have considered the Late Harappan Cultures, Chalcolithic and Painted Grey ware Cultures. The Vedic society was patriarchal and patrilineal. Vedic society Religion- Upanishad thought-Political and social organization, the evolution of the Varna system and monarchy. The first stage is known as the Rigvedic period or Early Vedic period and the later stage is known as the Later Vedic period. It consists of 730 hymns with 6000 mantras, which are divided into 20 books. In addition to the segments of the discourse of modernity and modernization that have been classified, a structure of essential features of modern society is revealed comprising 1) universality (invariance) of social development; 2) civilization variability and uniqueness of cultural programs; 3) emancipation trend and antinomies; 4) permanence . It comprises people living in rural, urban, tribal setting and all sections which carry the ethos of Indianness. It was patriarchal in nature.

5. (b) Position of Women: Women were given equal status to that of men in society. Sources Literary Vedas Epics Archaeological Iron Pottery 4. The Brahmins were integral and indispensable. The Early Vedic economy was mainly pastoral and cow was the most important form of wealth.

Gomat: Term used for Rich People. It showed an advanced civilisation, a settled life, and an organised human relation. The society was organised on the basis of the family as a unit. It was because the Vedas were composed during this period. Click Here for answer. The key differences between Harappa and Vedic Civilization are enumerated as follows: The sources of information of the Harappan civilization are mainly archaeological, while the Vedic culture is mostly known from the literary sources. Child marriage was not in fashion. Discuss the political pattern and the major religious ideas and rituals of the Vedic age. Discuss the political pattern and the major religious ideas and rituals of the Vedic age. The Vedas are supposed to be made in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent.

In the Early Vedic Period all the three upper classes Brahmins, Kshatriyas, and Vaishyas were considered as relatively equal Aryan, but in the Later Vedic Age the Brahmins and Kshatriyas became upper class. Trades and occupations did not assume a hereditary character in the society (till now). The family was the smallest unit of society. It was a society of high moral standards. They were permitted to participate in all the religious rites . There was freedom of choice in marriage. Some sources claim the term was coined by Pythagoras (c. 570 - c. 495 BCE); others dispute this story . Mention the important features of the religion of the early Vedic period. Chronology. Gavishthi: Term for War. Education system was in place and very well planned in the later Vedic Period. Features: Early Vedic Period: Later Vedic Period: Location: Early Aryans were based in and around Indus and its tributaries (Western India); They called it Sapt-Sindavah (land of Seven Rivers); Saraswati (Ghaggar-Hakra Channel) was considered the holiest river. Child marriage was not in fashion. The Vedic texts form an important source of this period. Clean and kinship relations formed the basis of the society and family was the basic social unit. False. After the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization, another glorious civilization flourished in India. Give an account of the geography of the Vedic texts and describe the social life during the Vedic times. The Early Vedic society was tribal and basically egalitarian. The Vedic Society - Features . Salient Features of Vedic Society. The people of Vedic civilization also followed vegetarian as well as non- vegetarian diet. Dharma. And it is not an idealistic, imaginary system, but it existed in the past for thousands of years. Early Indo-Aryans were a Late Bronze Age society centred around the Punjab region, organised into tribes rather than kingdoms, and primarily . -jainism and buddhism. Indian society is a pluralistic society with a complex social order characterized by a multitude of ethnic, linguistic, religious, and caste divisions. Indira and Varuna. The result was a peaceful, contented, healthy and refined social life in the early Vedic period. A widow could marry the younger brother of her deceased . A widow could marry the younger brother of her deceased husband. The students had to learn Vedas, Upanishad, grammar prosody, law, arithmetic and language. Answer: There are many important rishikas of the early Vedic period, here are a few authors of the Rg Veda suktas: Verse Rishika 4.18 Aditi 10.72 Aditirdakshayani 8.91 Apala atreyi 10.86 Indrani 10.85 Urvashi 10.134 Godha 10.39, 10.40 Gosha Kakshivati 10.109 Juhurbramhajaya 10.184 Tvash. 3.7.1 The Early Aryan Settlement of Northern India (1700 - 1000 BCE) The early history of the Vedic Age offers the historian little primary source material. In addition to the archaeological legacy discussed above, there remains from this period the earliest literary record of Indian culture, the Vedas. Salient Features of Vedic Society It was primarily monogamous and Patriarchal. Religious scriptures as well as historical studies indicate that Indian women enjoyed a comparatively high status during the early Vedic period. The family was part of a larger grouping called vis or clan. A widow could marry the younger brother of her deceased . Agriculture had secondary importance in the life of the Early Vedic people. Vedic religion, also called Vedism, the religion of the ancient Indo-European-speaking peoples who entered India about 1500 bce from the region of present-day Iran.

The Hare Krishna movement is trying to . Table of Contents. Mention the important features of the religion of the early Vedic period. It was primarily monogamous and Patriarchal. The autonomy of the R ajan was restricted by the tribal councils called Sabha and Samiti . Barley, wheat and rice. Because famous sociologist Maclver once remarked that "Society is Cooperation crossed by conflict". Students were sent to the Gurukuls (ancient boarding schools) for their education.

It was founded in 1200 BCE. between 1500- 1000 BC. Give an account of the geography of the Vedic texts and describe the social life during the Vedic times. The cow has great economic significant & horses were enjoying great strategic significance. The Rig Vedic society was patriarchal in which Grihyapati(master of the house) dominated in family and social life. The power that upholds and orders society and the cosmos. A widow could marry the younger brother of her deceased husband. That is the reason Cow has given huge importance in the Vedic Era. a kind of pastoral economy. Milk and milk products were an important part of diet along with vegetables and meat. They had detailed knowledge of the geographical area in which they lived. Silent feature of Vedic education:-. True. The family was the smallest unit of society. The first teaching of the Bhagavad-Gita is . 'Duty', 'religion', 'law', 'ethics', 'truth'. This economy was all around the Cow. Thus, they worshiped a number of Nature Gods. For example, for the first half of the Vedic Age (1700 - 1000 BCE), we are largely limited to archaeological sites and one major text called the Rig Veda. The Vedic period, or the Vedic age (c. 1500 - c. 500 BCE), is the period in the late Bronze Age and early Iron Age of the history of India when the Vedic literature, including the Vedas (ca. It is thought to be a source of energy. Vedism is the oldest stratum of religious activity in India for which there exist written materials.

In the Vedic age, the geographical boundaries of the kingdoms were extremely limited. Political system : During Early vedic period, monarchical form of government was present. It has 10 Mandals, 1017 Suktas and 10,553 Shlokas.

Early Vedic Age : Origin, Social Life, Economic Life, Culture and Religion! Extensive changes came in the religious life of the society of the later Vedic ages. Vedas is the reason for religions flourishment. What were the agricultural products during Vedic period? Hunting & food gathering activities were also practices. Monogamy was the usual norm of marriage but the chiefs at times practiced polygamy. Political system : During Early vedic period, monarchical form of government was present. Vedic culture is divided into two groups and four Vedas - Aryans, Dravidians, and Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra respectively. Child marriage was not in fashion. It is believed to exist somewhere between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and second urbanization which started in the focal Indo . In the Aryan society kshatriyas were the warriors/ priests/traders. Which gods became prominent during later Vedic age? The wife was a partner of the husband in all religious and social ceremonies. There was freedom of choice in marriage. It was only education that truth could be perceived & wisdom could be attained.

Trades and occupations did not assume a hereditary character in the society (till now). 35. The chief of a tribe was called a Rajan . The Early Vedic economy was mainly pastoral and cow was the most important form of wealth. The Aryans and Rig Vedic Society. Like, Rigvedic Economy. 1300-900 BCE), was composed in the northern Indian subcontinent, between the end of the Urban Indus Valley civilisation and a second urbanisation which began in the central Indo-Gangetic Plain c. 600 BCE. socio, cultural contribution of mauryas, guptas, pallavas, chalukyas, cholas art and architecture - harsha and the rajput age. Archaeological materials have also supplemented the texts, though not comprehensively. Click Here for answer. Child marriage was not in fashion. This led to increased disparity in society. Early Vedic Society The family was the basic unit of the Rigvedic society. 4. Vedic Society. Rigvedic Economy was a tribal economy i.e. T he period from 1500 BC to 600 BC is considered as Vedic Period which is divided into two parts : Early Vedic Period or Rig Vedic Period (1500 B.C -1000 B.C) Later Vedic Period (1000B.C - 600 B.C). Based on the Vedic scriptures, there is a Vedic social work order system but there is no such thing as a Vedic caste system, commonly known as the Hindu caste system. Ans. Salient Features of Vedic Society. Harappans are said to have been the original inhabitants of India while the Aryans . Cow & horse were the most important animals of Vedic Aryans. There was freedom of choice in marriage.

salient features of indus valley civilization: society and culture. Geographical distribution and characteristics of pastoral and farming society. Composed in archaic, or Vedic, Sanskrit, generally dated between 1500 and 800 bce, and transmitted orally, the Vedas comprise four major textsthe Rig-, the Sama-, the Yajur . Trade expanded, both within India and with the lands to the west. The Brahmachari after his education in the Gurukulas went back to the society to serve the rich and the poor, to relieve the diseased and the distressed. Why is Vedic age so called? The source of all our information regarding the Early Vedic era comes from Rig Veda which is the oldest book of the world. Rig Vedic Geography. The Later Vedic period for which Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas are the source, evolved into a complex and rigid society. There was freedom of choice in marriage. Without co-operation there can be no society. Salient Features of Vedic Society The family was the smallest unit of a society. It was primarily monogamous and Patriarchal. The reason being that society underwent drastic changes from the time the first Vedas were written to the appearance of later Vedic scriptures. Co-operation is essentially essential for the formation of society. Q.. Write a short essay on: "Democratic elements in the political system of the early Vedic period." Click Here for answer. Features: Early Vedic Period: Later Vedic Period: Division: Division based on Clan and not Caste lines. Clean and kinship relations formed the basis of the society and family was the basic social unit.

This date has been fixed between 1500 BC and 1000 BC. Though it is not a proven reason, it is one of many reasons. It was primarily monogamous and Patriarchal. The source of all our information regarding the Early Vedic era comes from Rig Veda which is the oldest book of the world. Surya (Sun) is revered by Vedic people as a 'Mitra' (friend). Later Aryans moved to eastern areas (up to Bengal) with the help of fire and Iron tools; The core area was the Kuru-Panchala region . The period of 1500 B.C and 600 B.C was divided into Early Vedic Age (Vedic Period) and Later Vedic Age. The Aryans did not build any temples of worshiped idols. Vedic Period: Society, Polity, and Economy One of the reasons for the decline of Indus-Valley Civilisation was that there was an external invasion by certain tribes. The Vedic Age was considered a crucial period in the history of the Indian subcontinent.